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As First Nations regain the management of their lands and resources through their Land Code, there are some survey related process changes for Canada Lands Surveyors to be aware of. This session is intended to touch on:
– how to know if a First Nation has a Land Code in place;
– the extent of the lands managed by the Land Code;
– what aspects of the survey process may be affected by a Land Code; and
– what aspects of the survey process continue to apply.
It is recommended that participants complete the following Geo-Ed courses or have knowledge in these areas, prior to attending this session.
As this session will not readdress these topics in-depth:
– Interests, Tenure & Property Rights on Indigenous Lands
– Framework Agreement on First Nations Land Management
Preparing and aligning legal surveys with existing or future interests, on Indigenous lands is increasingly important for an effective property rights system. The Survey System needs to provide for an organized and consistent identification in the way that a parcel of land is subdivided, described, and located. In turn the Land Registry System needs to utilize the most current survey information with regard to the documents in the registry.
It is crucial to consider existing and proposed property rights and the land management system of that First Nation, to ensure the survey solution is appropriate. Re-establishing an effective connection between surveys and interests on First Nation lands has proven to be challenging but rewarding for all those involved.
The Association of Canada Lands Surveyors’ Executive Director, Jean-Claude Tétreault, will present on the system used by Canada Lands Surveyors to register survey documents in the CLSR. Subjects addressed will be the following:
• Changes to the CLS Regulations to accommodate digital signatures
• Brief introduction of the MyCLSS joint ACLS/NRCan portal
• myKey digital signature system
• Adding signatures to survey documents
Explains the various forms of rights and interests in Indigenous lands, whether registered or not. It is essential for Canada Lands Surveyors to understand property rights to be effective in supporting updates and renewal of the legal survey fabric in communities.
Presented by: Brian Donahue, Team Leader, Surveyor General Branch, Natural Resources Canada / Government of Canada
The U.S. is planning to modernize its spatial reference system, possibly as early as 2024 or 2025. As part of this modernization they plan to update both their geometric reference system (the North American Datum of 1983 (NAD83)), and their vertical reference system (the North American Vertical Datum of 1988 (NAVD 88)). These changes could have significant impacts for surveyors, mappers, and other geospatial professionals in Canada. For example, the U.S. plans to replace NAD83 with a new North American Terrestrial Reference Frame (NATRF2022), creating 1.3 to 1.5 m horizontal coordinate differences at the Canada–U.S. border with respect to Canada’s NAD83(CSRS). Never before have such significant differences existed between our two countries’ reference frames. This webinar will outline the U.S. plan, including their rationale, and then look at Canada’s situation with respect to reference frames. There are compelling reasons for Canada to follow suit and modernize as well, but there are also major challenges. Whether or not Canada follows the same path, there is much work to be done to prepare Canada for the U.S.’ updates.